Pastor Paul ALBRECHT, AM was educated at Emmanuel College, Adelaide and Emmanuel Seminary, Adelaide. He was ordained in the Lutheran Church in 1956 and took up appointment in the Finke River Mission in Central Australia in 1957, becoming Field Superintendent of the Mission (1963-83). During this time he was awarded a Churchill Fellowship (1969-70), which he spent at the Tata Institute of Social Science, Bombay. Since 1983 he has devoted his time to literacy and translation work (being fluent in the Western Arrarnta Aboriginal language) and the training of Aborigines for the Ministry. His translation of the New Testament, and extensive selections from the Old Testament, were published by the Bible Society in 1997.
The Hon. Richard COURT, MLA was educated at Hale School, Perth and the University of Western Australia. After graduation (B.Comm) he spent a year in the USA as a management trainee with the Ford Motor Co. in 1969; was the proprietor of two small businesses in Perth from 1970 through 1982; and then became, in 1982, the Liberal Party Member for Nedlands in the W.A. Legislative Assembly. He held a number of shadow portfolios in Opposition (Small Business; Resources Development; Mines, Fuel and Energy; the North West and the Goldfields) during the period 1986-93, and was Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party during 1987-90. In 1992 he became Leader of the Opposition, and following the State election of February, 1993 he became Premier (and Treasurer) of Western Australia, being re-elected in December, 1996.
2. Conference Contributors
Professor Greg CRAVEN was educated at St Kevin's College, Toorak and the University of Melbourne (BA, 1980; LLB, 1981; LLM, 1984). He taught at Monash University (1982-84) and was Director of Research for the Legal and Constitutional Committee of the Victorian Parliament (1985-87). After serving for three years (1992-95) as Crown Counsel to the present Attorney-General for Victoria, he returned to his previous post of Associate Professor and Reader in Law at the University of Melbourne, before being appointed (1996) as Professor of Law at Notre Dame University, Fremantle. He specialises in constitutional law, and has written and edited a number of books in that area, including Succession: The Ultimate States' Right (1986) and Australian Federation: Towards the Second Century (ed.) (1991).
Dr Stephen DAVIS was educated at Parramatta High School and the University of Melbourne (MA, 1985; PhD, 1990). During 1981-92 he worked as a consultant investigating and documenting Aboriginal sites and land and sea tenures. Since 1992 he has been Group Geographer for WMC, with oversight of all indigenous related matters throughout the Corporation's global operations. He is the author of numerous articles in Australian and international journals, as well as six books, and the published map of Australia's Extant and Imputed Aboriginal Boundaries.
Professor David FLINT, AM was educated at Sydney Boys High School, at the Universities of Sydney (LLB, 1961; LLM, 1975) and London (B.Sc.Econ, 1978), and at L'Université de Droit, de l'Économie et des Sciences Sociale, Paris (DSU, 1979). After admission as a Solicitor of the NSW Supreme Court in 1962, he practised as a solicitor (1962-72) before moving into University teaching, holding several academic posts before becoming Professor of Law at Sydney University of Technology in 1989. In 1987 he became Chairman of the Australian Press Council, and in 1992 Chairman of the Executive Council of the World Association of Press Councils. Since October, 1997 he has been Chairman of the new Australian Broadcasting Authority. He is the author of numerous publications and in 1991 was honoured as World Outstanding Legal Scholar by the World Jurists Association. In 1995 he was made a Member of the Order of Australia.
Dr John FORBES was educated at Waverley College, Sydney and the Universities of Sydney (BA, 1956; LLM, 1971) and Queensland (PhD, 1982). He was admitted to the New South Wales Bar in 1959 and subsequently in Queensland and, after serving as an Associate to Mr Justice McTiernan of the High Court, practised in Queensland as a barrister-at-law. He is now Reader in Law at the University of Queensland Law School, and has published texts on the History and Structure of the Australian Legal Profession, Evidence, Administrative Law and Mining and Petroleum Law. In recent years he has become one of our foremost experts on the law of native title.
The Rt Hon Sir Harry GIBBS, GCMG, AC, KBE was educated at Ipswich Grammar School and Emmanuel College at the University of Queensland (BA Hons, 1937; LLB, 1939; LLM, 1946) and was admitted to the Queensland Bar in 1939. After serving in the A.M.F. (1939-42) and A.I.F. (1942-45), he became a Queen's Counsel in 1957, and was appointed, successively, a Judge of the Queensland Supreme Court (1962-67), a Judge of the Federal Court of Bankruptcy (1967-70), a Justice of the High Court of Australia (1970-81) and Chief Justice of the High Court (1981-87). Since 1987 he has been Chairman of the Review into Commonwealth Criminal Law and, since 1990, Chairman of the Australian Tax Research Foundation. In 1992 he became the founding President of The Samuel Griffith Society.
The late Professor Austin GOUGH was educated at Xavier College, Melbourne and, after a period editing the Coonamble Times and Walgett Spectator (1946-52) and as a Commonwealth public servant (1953-60), completed degrees at the Universities of Melbourne (BA Hons, 1960) and Oxford (D.Phil., 1965). After teaching at the University of Warwick (1965-67) and as Reader in History at Monash University (1967-70), he was for 21 years Professor of History (and then Emeritus Professor) at the University of Adelaide (1970-91). He was the author of two books on 19th Century European history and, since 1991, of numerous newspaper and other articles. After having just finished writing the paper which appears in this volume, he died on 28 September, 1997.
Professor Bhajan GREWAL was educated at Raikot High School in the Punjab, India and at the Panjab University, Chandigarh (MA, 1964) and the Punjabi University, Patiala (Ph.D., 1972). After lecturing in Economics at the latter university he was appointed in 1973 to a post in the Centre for Research on Federal Financial Relations at the Australian National University, Canberra. During 1975-83 he lectured in Economics at the James Cook University, North Queensland before joining the Victorian Department of Management and Budget (1983-90) and serving (1990-93) as Director, Revenue and Grants Policy in the Victorian Treasury. Since early 1993 he has held a Chair as Deputy Director of the Centre for Strategic Economic Studies at the Victorian University of Technology. He is the author of six books and many articles on topics in fiscal federalism, taxation and public infrastructure.
S. E. K. Hulme, AM, QC, was educated at Wesley College, Melbourne and at the University of Melbourne (LLB, 1951) and Magdalen College, Oxford (BCL, 1955). He was Rhodes Scholar for Victoria in 1952 and the Eldon Scholar, Oxford in 1955. He was admitted to the Victorian bar in 1953 and at Gray's Inn, London in 1957. Since 1957 he has practised as a barrister-at-law, becoming Queen's Counsel in 1968. He has published in various legal journals, and is a Director of several public companies.
Padraic Pearse McGUINNESS was educated at St. Ignatius College, Riverview and Sydney Boys High School, and at Sydney University (B.Ec.Hons, 1960) and the London School of Economics (M.Sc.Econ, 1967). During 1963-71 he lived in London and Paris, working variously as chief economist for the Moscow Narodny Bank in London, economic consultant to the OECD in Paris, and lecturer in economics at the City University, London. Since returning to Australia his career has been chiefly in journalism, including as economics editor (1974-80), as editor and editor-in-chief (1980-85), and as European editor (1985-87) of The Australian Financial Review; as a daily columnist for The Australian (1989-94); and since August, 1994 as a public policy columnist for The Sydney Morning Herald and (until recently) The Age. During 1973-74 he served as senior economic adviser to the then Minister for Social Security, the Hon. Bill Hayden. During 1992-94 he was a member of the Board of the Constitutional Centenary Foundation.
John STONE was educated at Perth Modern School, the University of Western Australia (Bsc Hons, 1950) and then, as a Rhodes Scholar, at New College, Oxford (BA Hons, 1954). He joined the Australian Treasury in 1954, and over a Treasury career of 30 years served in a number of posts at home and abroad, including as Australia's Executive Director in both the IMF and the World Bank in Washington, D.C. (1967-70). In 1979 he became Secretary to the Treasury, resigning from that post -- and from the Commonwealth Public Service -- in 1984. Since that time he has been, at one time and another, a Professor at Monash University, a newspaper columnist, a company director, a Senator for Queensland and Leader of the National Party in the Senate and Shadow Minister for Finance. He has recently served as a member of the Defence Efficiency Review into the efficiency and effectiveness of the Australian Defence Force, and currently contributes a weekly column to The Australian Financial Review.
Trevor SYKES was educated at Adelaide Technical High School. Since joining The Adelaide Advertiser as a cadet in 1952 he worked, successively, on The Sydney Morning Herald (1959-62 and 1964-65), for Reuters, London (1962-64), the Sun News-Pictorial, Melbourne (1965-71), The Australian Financial Review (1971-77) and The Bulletin (1977-84), becoming editor of the latter in 1980. During 1985-91 he was the executive editor, then editor-in-chief of Australian Business before becoming (1991-95) contributing editor of Australian Business Monthly and The Bulletin. He is the author of six books, including The Bold Riders (1994), and has written the "Pierpont" column for many years -- first in The Australian Financial Review, later in The Bulletin and Australian Business and, since 1995, again in The Australian Financial Review. He is the winner of a number of national awards for financial journalism.
The Hon. Peter WALSH, AO was educated at Doodlakine School, W.A. and subsequently, while working on the family wheat and sheep farm there, as an external student in Economics at the University of W.A., but did not complete his degree. After seeking election as the Labor candidate for Moore in the 1969 and 1972 federal elections, he was elected as a Senator for W.A. in May, 1974. Between 1977 and 1983 he served as shadow Minister for Primary Industry, for Finance, and for Resources and Energy before becoming, in 1983, Minister for Resources and Energy (1983-84) in the Hawke Government. In 1984 he was appointed Minister for Finance, resigning from that post after the 1990 federal election, and from the Senate in 1993. His memoirs, Confessions of a Failed Finance Minister, were published in 1995, and these days he contributes a weekly column to The Australian Financial Review.