1. Addresses

John STONE was educated at Perth Modern School, the University of Western Australia (BSc Hons, 1950) and then, as a Rhodes Scholar, at New College, Oxford (BA Hons, 1954). He joined the Australian Treasury in 1954, and over a Treasury career of 30 years served in a number of posts at home and abroad, including as Australia's Executive Director in both the IMF and the World Bank in Washington, D.C. (1967-70). In 1979 he became Secretary to the Treasury, resigning from that post - and from the Commonwealth Public Service - in 1984. Since that time he has been, at one time and another, a Professor at Monash University, a newspaper columnist, a company director, a Senator for Queensland and Leader of the National Party in the Senate and Shadow Minister for Finance. He has recently served as a member of the Defence Efficiency Review into the efficiency and effectiveness of the Australian Defence Force, and currently contributes a weekly column to The Australian Financial Review.

Hon. John WHEELDON was educated at Perth Modern School and the University of Western Australia (BA Hons, 1953), and subsequently practised law in that State. In 1965 he was elected Senator for Western Australia, and served in that role until resigning from the Parliament in 1981. During the years of the Whitlam Government he chaired the Federal Parliamentary Foreign Affairs and Defence Committee before being appointed, first, Minister for Repatriation and Compensation (1974-75) and, in 1975, Minister for Social Security also. Following his resignation from the Parliament he became Associate Editor of The Australian, resigning in 1989 to continue his writing on political affairs.

2. Conference Contributors

Professor Greg CRAVEN was educated at St Kevin's College, Toorak and the University of Melbourne (BA, 1980; LLB, 1981; LLM, 1984). He taught at Monash University (1982-84) and was Director of Research for the Legal and Constitutional Committee of the Victorian Parliament (1985-87). After serving for three years (1992-95) as Crown Counsel to the present Attorney-General for Victoria, he returned to his previous post of Associate Professor and Reader in Law at the University of Melbourne, before being appointed (1996) as Professor of Law at Notre Dame University, Fremantle. He specialises in constitutional law, and has written and edited a number of books in that area, including Secession : The Ultimate States' Right (1986) and Australian Federation: Towards the Second Century (ed.) (1991).

Harry EVANS was educated at Lithgow High School and the University of Sydney (BA Hons, 1967). After a brief period in the Parliamentary Library, he has served on the staff of the Senate since 1968, including as Secretary to a number of major Senate Committees, such as the Regulations and Ordinances Committee and the Select Committees on the Conduct of a Judge and Allegations Concerning a Judge. After periods as Clerk Assistant (1983-87) and Deputy Clerk (1987-88), he has been Clerk of the Senate since 1988. He is the author of numerous articles on parliamentary and constitutional matters, as well as editing the 7th edition of Odgers' Australian Senate Practice.

Dr John FORBES was educated at Waverley College, Sydney and the Universities of Sydney (BA, 1956; LLM, 1971) and Queensland (PhD, 1982). He was admitted to the New South Wales Bar in 1959 and subsequently in Queensland and, after serving as an Associate to Mr Justice McTiernan of the High Court, practised in Queensland as a barrister-at-law. He is now Reader in Law at the University of Queensland Law School, and has published texts on the History and Structure of the Australian Legal Profession, Evidence, Administrative Law and Mining and Petroleum Law. In recent years he has become one of our foremost experts on the law of native title.

The Rt Hon Sir Harry GIBBS, GCMG, AC, KBE was educated at Ipswich Grammar School and Emmanuel College at the University of Queensland (BA Hons, 1937; LLB, 1939; LLM, 1946) and was admitted to the Queensland Bar in 1939. After serving in the A.M.F. (1939-42), and the A.I.F. (1942-45), he became a Queen's Counsel in 1957, and was appointed, successively, a Judge of the Queensland Supreme Court (1962-67), a Judge of the Federal Court of Bankruptcy (1967-70), a Justice of the High Court of Australia (1970-81) and Chief Justice of the High Court (1981-87). Since 1987 he has been Chairman of the Review into Commonwealth Criminal Law and, since 1990, Chairman of the Australian Tax Research Foundation. In 1992 he became the founding President of The Samuel Griffith Society.

Professor Jeffrey GOLDSWORTHY was educated at High Schools in Darwin and Adelaide and at the Universities of Adelaide (LLB Hons, 1976), Illinois (LLM, 1983) and California, Berkeley (MA, 1983; PhD, 1991). After having practised law briefly in Adelaide (1977-79), he has since 1984 taught constitutional law and legal philosophy at Monash University, currently as an Associate Professor. He has contributed to numerous books and journals, both Australian and international, of philosophy and law.

Dr Colin HOWARD, QC was educated at Prince Henry's Grammar School, Worcestershire and at the University of London (LLB, 1955; LLM, 1956) and Melbourne University. He taught in the Law Faculties at the University of Queensland (1958-60) and Adelaide University (1960-64) before becoming Hearn Professor of Law at Melbourne University for 25 years (1965-90). He was awarded his PhD from Adelaide University in 1963 and his LLD from Melbourne University in 1971, and in 1973-76 was General Counsel to the Commonwealth Attorney-General. Although recently appointed as (part-time) Crown Counsel to the Attorney-General for Victoria, he remains a practising member of the Victorian Bar. He has published a number of texts for both lawyers and laymen. In 1996 he became a Queen's Counsel.

S E K HULME, AM, QC, was educated at Wesley College, Melbourne and at the University of Melbourne (LLB, 1951) and Magdalen College, Oxford (BCL, 1955). He was Rhodes Scholar for Victoria in 1952 and the Eldon Scholar, Oxford in 1955. He was admitted to the Victorian Bar in 1953 and at Gray's Inn, London in 1957. Since 1957 he has practised as a barrister-at-law, becoming Queen's Counsel in 1968. He has published in various legal journals, and is a Director of several public companies.

Dr Amy McGRATH, OAM, JP was educated at Telopea Park High School, Canberra and at Sydney University (BA Hons; MA; PhD, 1975). In 1970 and 1971 she travelled to the USA and the UK, respectively, on U.S. State Department and British Council grants. She was the founding secretary of the Australian Playwrights Conference, and has twice been appointed to the Sydney University Senate. She has published widely, including most recently two books on electoral fraud, and in 1996 became the founding convenor of the H S Chapman Society, a body established to raise public awareness of the prevalence of electoral fraud in Australia.

Professor Gabriel MOENS was educated at the Universities of Leuven, Belgium (JD, 1970), North Western, Chicago (LLM, 1972) and Sydney (PhD, 1982). He has held various teaching positions in law, including as Visiting Professor of Law at the University of Notre Dame and at the University of Technology, Sydney. He is currently Professor of Law and Director, the Australian Institute of Foreign and Comparative Law, in the T C Beirne School of Law at the University of Queensland. Since 1990 he has published six books, including The Decline of the University (1990) and Jurisprudence of Liberty (co-editor, 1996). He is a Knight of the Belgian Order of the Crown.

Roger SANDALL was educated at Takapuna Grammar School, Auckland and at the Universities of Auckland (BA, 1956) and Columbia, New York (MA, 1962). After working in the film industry he became a film-maker with the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies in 1965. The documentary records he made of Aboriginal religious rites were internationally well-received, but were soon withdrawn from circulation as "secret/sacred" and banned from public view. In 1973 he joined the Department of Anthropology at the University of Sydney as Lecturer, contributing through the 1970s and 1980s to Encounter, Art International, Commentary and Quadrant, a journal which he also edited in 1988. An article about Karl Popper's views on tribalism and civilisation appeared in The Salisbury Review for Autumn 1996.

Sir David SMITH, KCVO, AO was educated at Scotch College, Melbourne and at Melbourne and the Australian National Universities (BA, 1967). After entering the Commonwealth Public Service in 1954, he became in 1973 Official Secretary to the then Governor-General of Australia (Sir Paul Hasluck). After having served five successive Governors-General in that capacity, he retired in 1990, being personally knighted by The Queen, and is now very involved in both scouting and in musical activities.