The Hon. Jeff KENNETT, MLA was educated at Mt. Eliza State School and Scotch College, Melbourne. After two years in the Australian Army, serving in Malaysia and Singapore (1968-70), and some years in advertising, manufacturing and importing businesses, he entered the Victorian Legislative Assembly in 1976 as the Liberal Member for Burwood. During 1980 to 1982 he served as Minister for Housing, Minister for Immigration and Ethnic Affairs and as Minister responsible for Aboriginal Affairs. Following the defeat of the Government in March, 1982 he became Leader of the Parliamentary Liberal Party and Leader of the Opposition until 1989; was re-elected to that position in 1991; and in October, 1992 was elected as Premier of Victoria. He also holds the portfolio of Minister for Ethnic Affairs and chairs the Victorian Ministerial Industry Council.
The Rt. Hon. Sir Harry GIBBS, GCMG, AC, KBE was educated at Ipswich Grammar School and Emmanuel College at the University of Queensland, and was admitted to the Queensland Bar in 1939. After serving in the A.M.F. (1939-42), and the A.I.F. (1942-45), he became a Queen's Counsel in 1957, and was appointed, successively, a Judge of the Queensland Supreme Court (1961-67), a Judge of the Federal Court of Bankruptcy (1967-70), a Justice of the High Court of Australia (1970-81) and Chief Justice of the High Court (1981-87). Since 1987 he has been Chairman of the Review into Commonwealth Criminal Law and, since 1990, Chairman of the Australian Tax Research Foundation. In 1992 he became the founding President of The Samuel Griffith Society.
The Hon. Peter CONNOLLY, CBE, QC was educated at St. Joseph's College, Brisbane and St. John's College at the University of Queensland. After having served in the A.I.F. during 1939-46, he was admitted to the Queensland Bar in 1949 and was a Member of the Legislative Assembly for Kurilpa in 1957-60. He became a Queen's Counsel in 1963, President of the Australian Bar Association in 1967-68 and President of the Law Council of Australia in 1968-70. From 1977 to 1990 he served as a Judge of the Queensland Supreme Court and now chairs the Queensland Litigation Reform Commission.
The Hon. Peter DURACK, QC was educated at Aquinas College, Perth and the University of Western Australia, and was Rhodes Scholar for W.A. in 1949. After completing his BCL degree at Oxford, he was admitted to the W.A. Bar in 1954 and from 1965 to 1968 was a Liberal Member of the Legislative Assembly in that State. In 1971 he became a Liberal Senator for Western Australia, and in that capacity served as Minister for Veterans Affairs (1976-77), Attorney-General (1977-83) and Deputy Leader of the Government in the Senate (1978-83). After the defeat of the Fraser Government in 1983 he served in the shadow portfolios of Attorney-General (1983-84), Resources and Energy (1984-87) and Defence (1990-92), and as Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Senate (1983-87 and 1990-92). He retired from the Senate in June, 1993.
The Hon. Bill HASSELL was educated at a number of State Schools in Western Australia, at Hale School, and at the Universities of W.A. and Reading (UK). After returning to W.A. he practised as a barrister and solicitor (1968-80), and in 1977 became the Liberal Member for Cottesloe in the W.A. Legislative Assembly, from which he retired in 1990. During the Court and O'Connor Governments he served as Minister for Police, Traffic and Community Welfare (1980-82), Minister for Police and Prisons (1982-83) and Minister for Employment (1983). From 1984 to 1986 he was Leader of the Opposition. He is at present the President of the W.A. Branch of the Liberal Party.
John HIRST was educated at Unley High School and the University of Adelaide. After tutoring in Economic History at that University, he moved to La Trobe University in 1968, where he is now a Reader in History. He is the author of several books, including Convict Society and its Enemies and The Strange Birth of Colonial Democracy, and numerous articles. He is a convenor of the Australian Republican Movement, and is currently a member of the Prime Minister's Republic Advisory Committee (the so-called Turnbull Committee).
Dr Colin HOWARD was educated at Prince Henry's Grammar School, Worcestershire, and at the University of London and Melbourne University. He taught in the Law Faculties at the University of Queensland (1958-60), and Adelaide University (1960-64), before becoming Hearn Professor of Law at Melbourne University for 25 years (1965-90). He was awarded his Ph.D from Adelaide University in 1962 and his Doctorate of Laws from Melbourne University in 1972. He is now a practising member of the Victorian Bar, being perhaps best known for his constitutional expertise, but specializing also in commercial and administrative law, and has published a number of texts for both lawyers and laymen. During 1973-76 he was General Counsel to the Commonwealth Attorney-General; he is also a long- established commentator on public affairs.
S E K HULME, AM, QC, was educated at Wesley College, Melbourne and at the Universities of Melbourne (Queen's College) and Oxford (Magdalen College). He was Rhodes Scholar for Victoria in 1952 and the Eldon Scholar, Oxford in 1955. He was admitted to the Victorian Bar in 1953 and at Gray's Inn, London in 1957. Since 1957 he has practised as a barrister-at-law, becoming Queen's Counsel in 1968. He has published in various legal journals, and is a Director of several public companies.
Professor Wolfgang KASPER was born in Germany and educated at the Universities of Saarbrucken, Kiel, Paris and London, and was awarded his Ph.D. at Kiel University's Institute of World Economics in 1968. After working with the German Council of Economic Advisers (1965-69), the Kiel Institute (1969-71) and the Malaysian Ministry of Finance (1971-73) (under the Harvard development advisory service program), he came to the Australian National University, Canberra in 1973. After a subsequent period at the Reserve Bank he has held, since 1977, a Chair in economics at the University of New South Wales (Australian Defence Force Academy). He has had wide international experience in the OECD, the US Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, and elsewhere, and is the author of numerous monographs and articles, in journals both learned and lay.
Dr Frank KNOPFELMACHER was born in Vienna and educated at the Jewish Gymnasium, Brno, Moravia prior to leaving Czechoslovakia in 1939 after the German invasion of that country. After two years in Palestine, and three years war service with the 8th Army in Libya and the British Liberation Army in Europe, he studied first at Charles University, Prague and then, after the Communist coup there in 1948, at Bristol University, England. In 1953 he was awarded his Ph.D. by University College, London. After coming to Australia in 1955, he spent 33 years in University teaching before retiring from the University of Melbourne as Reader in 1988 after a lifetime dedicated to combating the products of Marxism - Leninism wherever encountered. Following the collapse of the Communist regime in Czechoslovakia in 1989, he spent some time in Prague as a Visiting Professor before returning to Melbourne. He is the author of numerous articles in books and journals both in Australia and overseas.
John PAUL was educated at Geelong Grammar School and the University of Melbourne (Trinity College). After ten years in the Commonwealth Public Service (1961-71), including five years in The Treasury, he moved to academia and is now Senior Lecturer in Political Science at the University of New South Wales. He has written extensively on the reserve powers of the Governor-General, the role of the Monarchy within the Australian Constitution, and on Australian political history more generally.
John STONE was educated at Perth Modern School, the University of Western Australia and then, as a Rhodes Scholar, at New College, Oxford. He joined the Australian Treasury in 1954, and over a Treasury career of 30 years served in a number of posts at home and abroad, including as Australia's Executive Director in both the I.M.F. and the World Bank in Washington, D.C. (1967-70). In 1979 he became Secretary to the Treasury, resigning from that post - and from the Commonwealth Public Service - in 1984. Since that time he has been, at one time and another, a Professor at Monash University, a newspaper columnist, a company director, a Senator for Queensland and Leader of the National Party in the Senate, Shadow Minister for Finance and, generally, a contributor to the public affairs debate. He is currently a Senior Fellow at the Institute of Public Affairs and writes a weekly column for The Australian Financial Review.
Jack WATERFORD was educated at St. Joseph's College, Sydney and the Australian National University, Canberra and has been writing on law, politics and public administration for over 20 years. During 1977-79 he worked first as an adviser to Aboriginal organisations in Central Australia, and later with the late Professor Fred Hollows on the National Trachoma Program; in these capacities he visited several hundred Aboriginal communities in all mainland States of Australia. He has been a journalist with The Canberra Times since 1972, and its Deputy Editor since 1986. In 1985 he was Graham Perkin Journalist of the Year, and in 1986 was a Jefferson Fellow in the United States.