The Hon Ian CALLINAN, AC, was educated at Brisbane Grammar School and the University of Queensland (LLB, 1960). He was admitted to the Queensland Bar in 1965 and practised as a barrister-at-law, becoming Queen's Counsel in 1978, and serving as President of the Queensland Bar Association (1984-87) and of the Australian Bar Association (1984-85), before being appointed to the High Court bench in 1998. Prior to that time he held several company directorships (QCT Resources Ltd, Santos Ltd, Queensland Coal Resources Ltd), while also acting as Trustee of the Queensland Art Gallery (Chairman, 1997-98), the Brisbane Community Arts Centre and the Brisbane Civic Art Gallery Trust. Since 2000 he has been Chairman of the Australian Defence Force Academy. He is also the author of a number of plays, novels and short stories.
The Hon Senator Nick MINCHIN was educated at Knox Grammar School, Sydney and the Australian National University (B Ec, 1974; LLB, 1976) before embarking on a career in the Liberal Party organization, initially in Canberra (1977-83) and then in South Australia (State Director, 1985-93). Elected as a Senator for South Australia in 1993, he became, in turn, Parliamentary Secretary to the Prime Minister (1996-97), Special Minister of State and Minister Assisting the Prime Minister (1997-98), Minister for Industry, Science and Resources (1998-2001), and, since the 2001 election, Minister for Finance and Administration.
2. Conference Contributors
Professor Philip AYRES was educated at Adelaide Boys High School and the University of Adelaide (BA, 1965; PhD, 1972) and is currently Associate Professor and Head of English Literature at Monash University. In addition to numerous books and scholarly articles on English literary history, he has published first-hand accounts of Khomeini's Iran and of the mujahedeen side of the war in Afghanistan. In 1989 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society (London), and in 1993 was Visiting Professor at Vassar College in New York State. He is the author of Malcolm Fraser: A Biography (1987), Mawson: A Life and Classic Culture and the Idea of Rome in Eighteenth Century England. His most recent, much acclaimed biography of Sir Owen Dixon was published earlier this year.
Professor David FLINT, AM was educated at Sydney Boys High School, at the Universities of Sydney (LLB, 1961; LLM, 1975) and London (BScEcon, 1978), and at L'Université de Droit, de l'Économie et des Sciences Sociale, Paris (DSU, 1979). He practised as a solicitor in Sydney (1962-72) before moving into University teaching, holding several academic posts before becoming Professor of Law at Sydney University of Technology in 1989. In 1987 he became Chairman of the Australian Press Council, and in 1992 Chairman of the Executive Council of the World Association of Press Councils. Since October, 1997 he has been Chairman of the Australian Broadcasting Authority. During the 1999 Referendum campaign on the Republic issue, he played a prominent part in the "No" Case Committee; he remains today the National Convenor of the Australians for Constitutional Monarchy.
The Rt Hon Sir Harry GIBBS, GCMG, AC, KBE was educated at Ipswich Grammar School and Emmanuel College at the University of Queensland (BA Hons, 1937; LLB, 1939; LLM, 1946) and was admitted to the Queensland Bar in 1939. After serving in the AMF (1939-42), and the AIF (1942-45), he became a Queen's Counsel in 1957, and was appointed, successively, a Judge of the Queensland Supreme Court (1962-67), a Judge of the Federal Court of Bankruptcy (1967-70), a Justice of the High Court of Australia (1970-81) and Chief Justice of the High Court (1981-87). In 1987 he became Chairman of the Review into Commonwealth Criminal Law, and since 1990 he has been Chairman of the Australian Tax Research Foundation. In 1992 he became, and remains, the founding President of The Samuel Griffith Society.
The Hon Trevor GRIFFIN was educated at Scotch College, Adelaide and the University of Adelaide (LLB, 1961; LLM, 1970). He practised as a solicitor and at the Adelaide Bar (1963-79) until his election, in 1978, to the South Australian Legislative Council. After having been Attorney-General and Minister for Corporate Affairs in the 1979-82 Liberal government, in 1993 he again became Attorney-General and Minister for Consumer Affairs (1993-2001) and Minister for Justice (1997-2001); throughout this period he was also Deputy Leader of the Government in the Legislative Council. Since retiring from the SA Parliament in 2002, he has most recently been a member of the Panel of Experts of the SA Constitutional Convention.
Associate Professor Peter HOWELL was educated at St Virgil's College, Hobart and the Universities of Tasmania (MA, 1965) and Cambridge (PhD, 1972). After teaching at the University of Tasmania (1962-66), he has been lecturing at the Flinders University of South Australia since 1968, becoming Reader in History in 1982. He has specialised in British and Australian constitutional history, the best-known of his earlier books being The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council: its Origins, Structure and Development. He is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society (London). In 1995 he became Chairman of the South Australian Constitutional Advisory Council, and most recently has been a member of the Panel of Experts of the SA Constitutional Convention. His most recent book, South Australia and Federation, was published earlier this year.
The Hon Len KING, AC, was educated at Marist Brothers School, Norwood, SA and the University of Adelaide (LLB, 1950). After practising as a barrister-at-law and solicitor (1950-70) (Queen's Counsel, 1967) he was elected in 1970 as the Labor member for the House of Assembly seat of Coles. He served in several Ministerial portfolios---Attorney-General (1970-75), Social Welfare and Aboriginal Affairs (1970-72), Community Welfare (1972-75) and Prices and Consumer Affairs (1973-75). Appointed a Justice of the Supreme Court in 1975, he became Chief Justice (1978-95). He has recently been a member of the Panel of Experts of the SA Constitutional Convention.
Julian LEESER was educated at Cranbrook School, Sydney and the University of New South Wales (BA Hons, 1999; LLB, 2000). After having been an elected Australians for Constitutional Monarchy delegate to the 1998 Constitutional Convention and, subsequently, a member of the No Case Committee for the Republic referendum, he has since served as Associate to Mr Justice Callinan (2000) and as Adviser to the Minister for Employment and Workplace Relations, the Hon Tony Abbott (2001). A solicitor, he is currently also working on a biography of the late Sir William McMahon.
Dr Geoffrey PARTINGTON was born in Lancashire and was educated at Queen Elizabeth Grammar School, Middleton and the Universities of Bristol (BA, 1951; MEd, 1972), London (BSc, 1971) and, after his emigration to Australia in 1976, Adelaide (Ph D, 1988). He was a teacher, headmaster and Inspector of Schools in England and has since taught in the school of Education of Flinders University, South Australia. During that time nearly 200 of his essays and articles have been published, many in scholarly journals as disparate as anthropology and moral education. His books include Women Teachers in the Twentieth Century, The Idea of an Historical Education, What do our Children Know? and The Australian Nation: Its British and Irish Roots.
The Hon Peter REITH was educated at Brighton Grammar School, Victoria and Monash University (BEc; LLB). After some years as a solicitor (1974-82), he became the Liberal Party Member for the seat of Flinders in 1984. During the period 1987-96 he served in numerous Shadow portfolios (Attorney-General, Industrial Relations, Education, Treasurer, Defence, Foreign Affairs) as well as being Deputy Leader of the Opposition (1990-93). On the election of the Howard government in 1996 he became Leader of the House and, in turn, Minister for Industrial Relations (1996-97), Workplace Relations and Small Business (1997-2001) and Employment (1998-2001), before becoming, in 2001, Minister for Defence. Following his retirement from Parliament at the 2001 election, he has become Executive Director for Australia on the Board of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in London.
John STONE was educated at Perth Modern School, the University of Western Australia (BSc Hons, 1950) and then, as a Rhodes Scholar, at New College, Oxford (BA Hons, 1954). He joined the Australian Treasury in 1954, and over a Treasury career of 30 years served in a number of posts at home and abroad, including as Australia's Executive Director in both the IMF and the World Bank in Washington, DC (1967-70). In 1979 he became Secretary to the Treasury, resigning from that post---and from the Commonwealth Public Service---in 1984. Since that time he has been, at one time and another, a Professor at Monash University, a newspaper columnist, a company director, a Senator for Queensland and Leader of the National Party in the Senate and Shadow Minister for Finance. In 1996-97 he served as a member of the Defence Efficiency Review, and in 1999 he was a member of the Victorian Committee for the No Republic Campaign. A principal founder of The Samuel Griffith Society, he acts today as its Conference Convenor, and edits and publishes its proceedings, Upholding the Australian Constitution.
Professor Geoffrey de Q WALKER was educated at a number of State High Schools and the Universities of Sydney (LLB, 1962) and Pennsylvania (LLM, 1963 and SJD, 1966). He was admitted to the New South Wales Bar in 1965, and practised both there and in industry before becoming an Assistant Commissioner with the Trade Practices Commission (1974-78). He taught law at the University of Pennsylvania (1963-64), the University of Sydney (1965-74) and the Australian National University (1978-85), before becoming, in 1985, Professor of Law (and, in 1988, Dean of the Faculty of Law) at the University of Queensland. In 1996 he retired from that post to resume private practice in Sydney. He is the author of four books and a large number of articles on a variety of legal topics, including in particular citizens-initiated referendum systems and, more recently, federalism.
Keith WINDSCHUTTLE was educated at Canterbury Boys High School, and, after seven years in journalism, Sydney University (BA Hons, 1969) and Macquarie University (MA, 1978), the intervening years having been spent partly in journalism and partly in teaching at the University of NSW (History Department, 1973-75) and the NSW Institute of Technology (now UTS) (History and journalism, 1977-1981). After briefly teaching sociology at the University of Wollongong in 1981, and history and social policy at the University of New South Wales (1983-90), he has since become an author and publisher (Macleay Press), being a frequent contributor to Quadrant and to The New Criterion, New York. Among his several books are The Killing of History: How Literary Critics and Social Theorists are Murdering our Past (2000), and more recently, his tour de force, The Fabrication of Aboriginal History: Volume 1, Van Diemen's Land.