The Hon Rob BORBIDGE, MLA was educated at Ararat (Victoria) and Overberg (South Africa) High Schools and entered the Queensland Parliament in 1980 at the age of 26 as the National Party Member for the seat of Surfers Paradise. During 1987-89 he was successively Minister for Industry, Small Business, Communications and Technology; Industry, Small Business, Technology and Tourism; Police, Emergency Services and Corrective Services; and Tourism, Environment and Conservation. After a brief period (1990) as Deputy Leader of the Opposition, he served as Leader of the Opposition (1991-96) until, following the Mundingburra by-election in early 1996, he became Premier of Queensland. Following the Coalition's defeat in the June, 1998 election he was re-elected as leader of the National Party and Leader of the Opposition.
Dr Barry MALEY has degrees from the University of Sydney and the Australian National University. He was Senior Lecturer in behavioural science in the Faculty of Commerce at the University of New South Wales before taking up, in 1989, his present post of Senior Fellow at the Centre for Independent Studies, Sydney, where he is presently directing one of the Centre's major research programs in the social policy area. He has held visiting appointments at Oxford, Cambridge, the University of California (Los Angeles) and the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, London. He is the author of many professional journal articles and monographs, as well as several books on family policy and environmental issues, and is presently exploring some of the social and policy implications of international conventions ratified by the Australian government.
Professor Kenneth MINOGUE was born in New Zealand and, after arrival in Australia, was educated at Sydney High School and the University of Sydney (BA Hons, 1950) before continuing his studies at the London School of Economics. Appointed to a teaching position there in 1956, and becoming Professor of Political Science there in 1984, he taught at the LSE until his retirement in 1995. Apart from numerous articles both in scholarly journals and elsewhere, he has published a number of books, including The Liberal Mind (1963), The Concept of a University (1974), and Politics: A Very Short Introduction (1995). In 1986 he produced for the British Broadcasting Corporation a six-part television series on free market economics, The New Enlightenment, which was repeated on Channel 4 in 1988. His study of the Maori question, Waitangi: Morality and Reality (1998), provides a refreshing new look at New Zealand's problems in that area.
2. Conference Contributors
The Hon Peter CONNOLLY, CBE, QC was educated at St. Joseph's College, Brisbane and St. John's College at the University of Queensland. After having served in the AIF during 1939-46, he was admitted to the Queensland Bar in 1949 and was a Member of the Legislative Assembly for Kurilpa in 1957-60. He became a Queen's Counsel in 1963, President of the Australian Bar Association in 1967-68 and President of the Law Council of Australia in 1968-70. From 1977 to 1990 he served as a Judge of the Queensland Supreme Court and, since his retirement from that post, has served as a Judge of the Court of Appeal of Kiribas.
Dr John FORBES was educated at Waverley College, Sydney and the Universities of Sydney (BA, 1956; LLM, 1971) and Queensland (PhD, 1982). He was admitted to the New South Wales Bar in 1959 and subsequently in Queensland and, after serving as an Associate to Mr Justice McTiernan of the High Court, practised in Queensland as a barrister-at-law. He is now Reader in Law at the University of Queensland Law School, and has published texts on the History and Structure of the Australian Legal Profession, Evidence, Administrative Law and Mining and Petroleum Law. In recent years he has become one of our foremost experts on the law of native title.
Professor Brian GALLIGAN was educated at Downlands College, Toowoomba and at the University of Queensland (B Com, 1970; B Econ, 1972) and Toronto (MA, 1975; PhD, 1978). After qualifying as an accountant in Brisbane, his studies in Toronto were followed by teaching posts in Political Science at La Trobe University (1979-82), the University of Tasmania (1982-83) and the Australian National University (1984-92). In 1992 he became Professor of Political Science at the ANU and Director of its Federalism Research Centre, before moving to a Chair in Political Science at Melbourne University in 1995, where he now heads the Centre for Public Policy. He is the author of numerous articles and books, including Politics of the High Court (1987) and A Federal Republic: Australia's Constitutional System of Government (1995).
Ian HOLLOWAY was educated in Halifax, Nova Scotia before taking degrees at Dalhousie University, Halifax (BSc, 1981; LLB,1985) and the University of California, Berkeley (LLM, 1992). After admission to the Nova Scotia Bar in 1986, and practicing there, he served as Associate to the Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Canada (1992-93) before moving to Australia in 1993. Now an Australian citizen, he lectures in the Faculty of Law at the Australian National University, Canberra. He is the author of many articles in professional journals and elsewhere and attended, as an advisor, the Constitutional Convention in February, 1998.
Dr Colin HOWARD, QC was educated at Prince Henry's Grammar School, Worcestershire, and at the University of London and Melbourne University. He taught in the Law Faculties at the University of Queensland (1958-60) and Adelaide University (1960-64) before becoming Hearn Professor of Law at Melbourne University for 25 years (1965-90). He was awarded his PhD from Adelaide University in 1972, and in 1973-76 was General Counsel to the Commonwealth Attorney-General. He now serves as General Counsel to the Victorian Government Solicitor, while remaining a practising member of the Victorian Bar. Perhaps best known for his constitutional expertise, he specialises also in commercial and administrative law, and has published a number of texts for both lawyers and laymen. In 1996 he became a Queen's Counsel.
Dr Suri RATNAPALA was educated in Colombo, Sri Lanka, undertaking his first degree (LLB) at the University of Colombo. Before migrating to Australia in 1983 he served as a Senior State Counsel in the Attorney-General's Department of Sri Lanka, where he was involved in drafting that country's republican Constitution. He completed his LLM degree at Macquarie University (1983-87) and his PhD at the University of Queensland, where he has taught since 1988. He is now Reader in Law there and co-editor of the University of Queensland Law Journal. He is the author of numerous articles in professional journals and a number of other publications, including Welfare State or Constitutional State? (1990), The Illusions of Comparable Worth (1992) (with Gabriël Moens), and Mabo: A Judicial Revolution (1993) (co-editor).
David RUSSELL, RFD, QC, was educated at Brisbane Grammar School and the University of Queensland, where he graduated as BA (1971), LLB (1974) and LLM (1983). He was admitted to the Queensland Bar in 1977 and has since practised in that and other jurisdictions as a barrister-at-law, becoming Queen's Counsel in 1986. He has lectured at the University of Queensland and published numerous articles in professional and other journals. He has for many years been actively involved in the Taxation Institute of Australia, serving as its President (1993-95), and is a director of several companies. He has been a member of the State Management Committee of the Queensland Branch of the National Party since 1984, Senior Vice-President (1990-95) and President (1995 to date). Since 1990 he has also been a Vice-President of the National Party of Australia.
Sir David SMITH, KCVO, AO was educated at Scotch College, Melbourne and at Melbourne and the Australian National Universities (BA, 1967). After entering the Commonwealth Public Service in 1954, he became in 1973 Official Secretary to the then Governor-General of Australia (Sir Paul Hasluck). After having served five successive Governors-General in that capacity, he retired in 1990, being personally knighted by The Queen. He lives in Canberra, where he is now very involved in both scouting and in musical activities. In February, 1998 he attended the Constitutional Convention in Canberra as an appointed delegate.
John STONE was educated at Perth Modern School, the University of Western Australia (BSc Hons, 1950) and then, as a Rhodes Scholar, at New College, Oxford (BA Hons, 1954). He joined the Australian Treasury in 1954, and over a Treasury career of 30 years served in a number of posts at home and abroad, including as Australia's Executive Director in both the IMF and the World Bank in Washington, DC (1967-70). In 1979 he became Secretary to the Treasury, resigning from that post --- and from the Commonwealth Public Service --- in 1984. Since that time he has been, at one time and another, a Professor at Monash University, a newspaper columnist, a company director, a Senator for Queensland and Leader of the National Party in the Senate and Shadow Minister for Finance. In 1996-97 he served as a member of the Defence Efficiency Review into the efficiency and effectiveness of the Australian Defence Force.
Professor Geoffrey de Q WALKER was educated at a number of State High Schools and the Universities of Sydney (LLB, 1962) and Pennsylvania (LLM, 1963 and SJD, 1966). He was admitted to the New South Wales Bar in 1965, and practised both there and in industry before becoming an Assistant Commissioner with the Trade Practices Commission (1974-78). He has taught law at the University of Pennsylvania (1963-64), the University of Sydney (1965-74) and the Australian National University (1978-85), before becoming, in 1985, Professor of Law (and, in 1988, Dean of the Faculty of Law) at the University of Queensland. In 1996 he retired from that post to resume private practice in Sydney. He is the author of four books and a large number of articles on a variety of legal topics, including in particular citizens-initiated referendum systems.
Alan WOOD was educated at Sydney Boys High School and the Australian National University (BA, 1968). After initial employment with The Australian Financial Review in Canberra (1964-69) and as that newspaper's European correspondent (1970), he became Economics Editor of The Sydney Morning Herald and (concurrently) The National Times (1970-75). Between 1975 and 1987 he was a principal of the highly respected economics consultancy firm, Syntec Economic Services, before resigning to become National Economics Editor of the Seven Television Network. He returned to the print media in 1990 with The Australian, of which he is now Economics Editor and an Associate Editor.