The Rt Hon Sir Harry GIBBS, GCMG, AC, KBE was educated at Ipswich Grammar School and Emmanuel College at the University of Queensland (BA Hons, 1937; LLB, 1939; LLM, 1946) and was admitted to the Queensland Bar in 1939. After serving in the AMF (1939-42), and the AIF (1942-45), he became a Queen's Counsel in 1957, and was appointed, successively, a Judge of the Queensland Supreme Court (1962-67), a Judge of the Federal Court of Bankruptcy (1967-70), a Justice of the High Court of Australia (1970-81) and Chief Justice of the High Court (1981-87). In 1987 he became Chairman of the Review into Commonwealth Criminal Law; since 1990, he has been Chairman of the Australian Tax Research Foundation. In 1992 he became, and remains, the founding President of The Samuel Griffith Society.
Professor Kenneth MINOGUE was born in New Zealand and, after arrival in Australia, was educated at Sydney High School and the University of Sydney (BA Hons, 1950) before continuing his studies at the London School of Economics. Appointed to a teaching position there in 1956, he became Professor of Political Science (1984-95) until his retirement. Apart from numerous articles in scholarly journals and elsewhere, he has published a number of books, including The Liberal Mind (1963), The Concept of a University (1974) and Politics: A Very Short Introduction (1995). His study of the Maori question, Waitangi: Morality and Reality (1998) provides a refreshingly open-eyed look at New Zealand's growing problems in that area.
Peter RYAN, MM was initially educated at Malvern Grammar School. He joined the Victorian Crown Law Department at 16, and in 1941 (aged 18), enlisted in the Army. He spent 18 months on special intelligence work in New Guinea behind the Japanese lines, winning the Military Medal and being mentioned in dispatches, before going on to become an officer in the Army's Directorate of Research and Civil Affairs. After the war he graduated in History from Melbourne University before becoming director of Melbourne University Press (1962-88). Since then he has been, and remains, Secretary of the Victorian Board of Examiners for Barristers and Solicitors. Apart from numerous articles in the press, Quadrant and elsewhere, he has written several books, including Fear Drive my Feet (1959), Black Bonanza (1991) and Lines of Fire (1997).
Professor Geoffrey BLAINEY was educated at Ballarat High School, Wesley College and the University of Melbourne, where he subsequently took up what was to prove an illustrious career both as an academic historian and an author. After 15 years in the Economic History department (1962-77), the last nine of them as Professor of Economic History, he became the Ernest Scott Professor of History in 1977. In 1987 he retired from this post (and as Dean of the Faculty of Arts) in the face of the storm of malignant criticism arising from his public remarks about the serious future problems being created for Australia by our immigration and official multiculturalism policies. Both before that time, and since, he has been a prolific author, with such works as The Peaks of Lyell (1954), Mines in the Spinifex (1960), The Tyranny of Distance (1966), Triumph of the Nomads (1975), and so on, up till his recent best-seller, A Short History of the World. He is today a Governor of the Ian Potter Foundation, a member of the Council of the Australian War Memorial, and a member of the Centenary of Federation Council, among many other activities.
Hon Max BRADFORD graduated from the University of Canterbury with an M.Comm degree before working in the N.Z. Treasury (1966-68), the International Monetary Fund (1969-73), and again the Treasury (1973-77), before moving to the private sector (N.Z. Employers' Federation, 1978-85; N.Z. Bankers' Association, 1985-87). After a period as Secretary-General of the N.Z. National Party (1987-89) he was elected to the N.Z. Parliament as the Member for Tarawera in 1990. During the 1996-99 Parliament he held a number of posts in the N.Z. Cabinet, including as Minister of Revenue, Energy, Labour, Immigration and Business Development (1996-97); Minister of Defence (1997-98), Minister for Enterprise and Commerce (including the Department of Labour) (1998-99) and Minister for Tertiary Education (1999). Since the November, 1999 election and the change of Government, he has represented Rotorua.
Hon Denis BURKE, MLA, spent 25 years (1969-94) in the Australian Army, commencing as a National Serviceman and concluding as Commanding Officer (Lieutenant-Colonel) of 2nd Cavalry Regiment, Darwin. In June, 1994 he was elected to the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly for the (Darwin) seat of Brennan on behalf of the Country-Liberal Party. After a Ministerial career commencing a year later and spanning a range of ministries (including Attorney-General, Health, Family and Children's Services, and Industry and Business) he became Chief Minister (and Attorney-General and Minister for Constitutional Development) in February, 1999.
Ray EVANS was educated at Melbourne High School and the University of Melbourne (B Eng Sc, 1960; M Eng Sc, 1975). He worked as an engineer with the State Electricity Commission of Victoria (1961- 68) and then lectured in Engineering, first at the Gordon Institute of Technology and then at Deakin University (1976- 82), becoming Deputy Dean of its School of Engineering. In 1982 he joined Western Mining Corporation (now WMC), and has since worked as executive assistant to its Chief Executive Officer, Mr Hugh Morgan. In 1971 he was a founding sponsor of the Australian Council for Educational Standards, and foundation editor (1973- 75) of its journal. He was one of the founders of The H R Nicholls Society in 1985 and has been its President since 1989. He has been Treasurer of The Samuel Griffith Society since its inception in 1992, and in 2000 he became one of the founders of the Lavoisier Group.
Professor David FLINT, AM was educated at Sydney Boys High School, at the Universities of Sydney (LLB, 1961; LLM, 1975) and London (BScEcon, 1978), and at L'Université de Droit, de l'Économie et des Sciences Sociale, Paris (DSU, 1979). After admission as a Solicitor of the NSW Supreme Court in 1962, he practised as a solicitor (1962- 72) before moving into University teaching, holding several academic posts before becoming Professor of Law at Sydney University of Technology in 1989. In 1987 he became Chairman of the Australian Press Council, and in 1992 Chairman of the Executive Council of the World Association of Press Councils. Since October, 1997 he has been Chairman of the Australian Broadcasting Authority. He is the author of numerous publications and in 1991 was honoured as World Outstanding Legal Scholar by the World Jurists Association. In 1995 he was made a Member of the Order of Australia. In 1999 he became, and remains, National Convenor for Australians for Constitutional Monarchy.
Associate Professor Malcolm MACKERRAS was educated at St Aloysius College, Milson's Point and Sydney Grammar School. While employed by BHP (1957- 60) he studied at night for his B Ec (1962) at the University of Sydney. After periods as research officer for the federal secretariat of the Liberal Party (1960- 67), ministerial assistant (1967) and economist with the Chamber of Manufactures (1968- 70), he moved into academia, initially at the Australian National University (1970- 73), then at the Royal Military College, Duntroon (1974- 86). Since 1987 he has taught in the school of politics at the Australian Defence Force Academy. He is the author of numerous books and articles both in professional journals and the daily press.
Ruth MCCOLL, SC is a graduate of the University of Sydney (BA, 1973; LLB, 1975). After working in the NSW Crown Solicitor's Office (1975-80) she became a Barrister of the Supreme Court of NSW in 1980, practising principally in Commercial Law (including Corporations Law) and Defamation and becoming Senior Counsel in 1994. A member of the NSW Bar Council since 1981, she was elected President of that body in December, 1999. She has held posts in the NSW Bar Association (including editing its journal, Bar News, during 1985-2000); the Women Lawyers' Association of NSW (President, 1996-97); the NSW Law Reform Commission; and others, too numerous to mention.
Sir David SMITH, KCVO, AO was educated at Scotch College, Melbourne and at Melbourne and the Australian National Universities (BA, 1967). After entering the Commonwealth Public Service in 1954, he became in 1973 Official Secretary to the then Governor-General of Australia (Sir Paul Hasluck). After having served five successive Governors-General in that capacity, he retired in 1990, being personally knighted by The Queen. He is now a visiting Scholar in the Faculty of Law, the Australian National University. In February, 1998 he attended the Constitutional Convention in Canberra as an appointed delegate, and subsequently played a prominent role in the No Case Committee for the 1999 Referendum.
John STONE was educated at Perth Modern School, the University of Western Australia (BSc Hons, 1950) and then, as a Rhodes Scholar, at New College, Oxford (BA Hons, 1954). He joined the Australian Treasury in 1954, and over a Treasury career of 30 years served in a number of posts at home and abroad, including as Australia's Executive Director in both the IMF and the World Bank in Washington, DC (1967- 70). In 1979 he became Secretary to the Treasury, resigning from that post - and from the Commonwealth Public Service - in 1984. Since that time he has been, at one time and another, a Professor at Monash University, a newspaper columnist, a company director, a Senator for Queensland and Leader of the National Party in the Senate and Shadow Minister for Finance. In 1996- 97 he served as a member of the Defence Efficiency Review into the efficiency and effectiveness of the Australian Defence Force. In 1999 he was a member of the Victorian Committee for the No Republic Campaign. He now writes for The Adelaide Review.
Dr Nancy STONE, after gaining First Class Honours in Chemistry for her B.Sc. degree (1950), and then her M.Sc. in Biochemistry (1951) from the University of W.A., was awarded a Hackett Studentship for study at Cambridge University, where she completed her Ph.D. in Biochemistry in 1955. After marriage in 1954 she worked -- sometimes full-time, sometimes part-time -- as a research biochemist in London and, in three separate stints, at the Australian National University, Canberra, retiring in 1987. Since 1992 she has been the Secretary of The Samuel Griffith Society.
The Hon. Peter WALSH, AO was educated at Doodlakine School, W.A. and subsequently, while working on the family wheat and sheep farm there, as an external student in Economics at the University of W.A., but did not complete his degree. After seeking election as the Labor candidate for Moore in the 1969 and 1972 elections, he was elected as a Senator for W.A. in May, 1974. Between 1977 and 1983 he served as shadow Minister for Primary Industry, for Finance, and for Resources and Energy before becoming, in 1983, Minister for Resources and Energy (1983-84) in the Hawke Government. In 1984 he was appointed Minister for Finance, resigning from that post after the 1990 federal election, and from the Senate in 1993. His memoirs, Confessions of a Failed Finance Minister, were published in 1995. He contributes a monthly column to The Adelaide Review, and in 2000 became President of the recently formed Lavoisier Group.